Coronary heart disease is a condition that puts you at risk for heart attack and other forms of heart disease. In people who have coronary heart disease, the arteries that supply blood to the heart get clogged with fatty deposits. Other names for this disease are "coronary artery disease" or just "heart disease."
Many people with coronary heart disease have no symptoms. In fact, the first symptom of the disease can be a heart attack. That's why it is so important to know how to spot a heart attack.
If these symptoms last more than 10 minutes or they keep coming and going, call for an ambulance (in the US and Canada, dial 9-1-1) right away. Do not try to get to the hospital on your own.
Some people with coronary heart disease have chest pain even when they are not having a heart attack. This is most likely to happen when they are walking, going up stairs, or moving around. But if you have chest pain that is new or different than pain you have had before, you should see a doctor right away.
Yes. If your doctor or nurse thinks you might have coronary heart disease, he or she might order blood tests and one or more of these tests:
What are the signs and symptoms of Heart disease?
Pain, pressure, or discomfort in the center of the chest
Pain, tingling, or discomfort in other parts of the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach
Shortness of breath
Nausea, vomiting, burping, or heartburn
Sweating or having cold, clammy skin
A racing or uneven heartbeat
Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
The main treatments for coronary heart disease are:
Lifestyle changes -Here are some things you can do to reduce your risk of heart attack and death:
Medicines -The medicines to treat heart disease are very important. Some medicines lower your risk of heart attacks and can help you live longer. But you must take them every day, as directed. Medicines your doctor might prescribe includes:
A stent procedure -During this procedure, the doctor puts a thin plastic tube with a balloon at the end of it into the blocked artery, and uses a tiny balloon to open the blockage. Then the doctor leaves a tiny mesh tube called a "stent" inside the artery to hold it open.
Bypass surgery -(Also known as "coronary artery bypass grafting" or CABG). During bypass surgery, the doctor removes a piece of blood vessel from another part of the body. Then he or she reattaches the blood vessel above and below the area that is clogged. This re-routes blood around the clog, and allows it to get to the part of the heart that was not getting blood